Most types of birth control pills should be completely covered by health insurance, unless you use a brand name that has a generic equivalent. If side effects occur, a doctor can help a person choose another effective birth control pill that will have fewer side effects. Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) are prescription medications that prevent pregnancy. Different products have advantages and disadvantages. Unlike combination birth control pills, the minipill — also known as the progestin-only birth control pill — doesn't contain estrogen. If hormonal birth control isn't for you, you still have options to help regulate your flow and prevent pregnancy. Emergency contraception should be considered (with the exception of UPA) if the woman has had unprotected sexual intercourse. Birth control pills may also be prescribed to reduce menstrual cramps or prevent anemia. Some people prefer birth control pills that contain the progestin drospirenone because it has diuretic properties, which helps prevent bloating. The OWH also state that cigarette smoking can increase a person’s chance of developing a blood clot while taking combined oral contraceptive pills. Everyone will have different birth control requirements, so it is best to consult a doctor or healthcare professional to discuss options. Once you’ve made a decision about the type of pill you want, your doctor may have a brand or two they may recommend. Isibloom is the generic equivalent to Emoquette, Enskyce and Reclipsen. However, just because one brand works for someone else doesn’t mean it will work for you. Some brands containing these hormones include: Cryselle (300 mcg norgestrel, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol) Ortho Cyclen (250 mcg norgestimate, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol) Previfem (250 mcg norgestimate, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol) Sprintec (250 mcg norgestimate, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol) Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Before you begin taking birth control, talk with your doctor about your personal medical history to determine what, if any, medicines you should avoid. These are birth control pills that provide the same level of hormones for 21 days, followed by 1 week of placebo. From everyday essentials like food and fitness, to reproductive and sexual health, there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to women’s wellness. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), barrier methods, such as a condom or dental dam, are more effective in preventing infections. Some people may prefer to use a birth control pill that contains the progestin desogestrel. What Are My Options for Nonhormonal Birth Control? These fluctuations occur when you begin taking the pill and when you’re late with taking a pill or miss a dose. Keep reading to learn about the different birth control pill options. We debunk common myths about birth…, Although some forms of birth control are nearly 100 percent effective, they can fail sometimes. Last medically reviewed on March 14, 2016. Begin the next pack the day after the last pack is finished. The OWH list the following birth control options: Some people may use a combination of contraception methods to avoid pregnancy. Here is a list of some commonly available oral contraceptive pills: Rasmin: a combination of estradiol and drospirenone prevents preganancy and cures irregular periods. If you want fewer periods, your doctor may suggest an extended-cycle, or continuous-dose, pill. Although many women have great success with low-dose birth control pills, you may experience more breakthrough bleeding than you would with a higher dose of hormones. Quadriphasic - four hormone dose over a cycle. The progestin dose in a minipill is also lower than the progestin dose in any combination pill. The pill is made of synthetic hormones like those that occur naturally in your body. Learn more and decide if one is right for you. The side effects of combination birth control pills can include: The side effects of progestin-only minipills can include: Read more: How birth control can affect cramping ». Where you are in your cycle will determine what level of active ingredients is present. Minipills prevent pregnancy by thickening cervical mucus and thinning your uterine lining. Find out what the research says…, Some people may choose to stop taking birth control pills. Learn more about benefits, side effects, and specific brands. Those who do not want to take hormonal birth control can speak with a doctor about alternatives. Read more: What to expect when switching birth control pills ». People have many different options when choosing a birth control pill. While many of these pills contain similar hormones and doses, there are multiple formulations for the prescriber to consider (). The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) state that progestin-only pills prevent pregnancy by thickening the cervical mucus, making it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. Manufacturers of triphasic birth control attempted to reduce side effects by mimicking the natural fluctuation in hormones throughout the menstrual cycle. 8 Common Brands of Oral Contraceptive Pills. Different kinds of pills and how they work. Common combination pill brand names include: Minipills are available in one mixture that’s progestin only. Isibloom is a combination pill. Studies show that continuous use is safe for up to 12 months. Many women can use birth control pills safely and without many symptoms or side effects. If a person experiences side effects from one pill, it does not mean they will have the same experience with another birth control pill. Some progestins can cause increased water and salt retention, which leads to bloating. Continue taking pills daily, one each day, at the same time each day. Here's how long it takes for each birth control option to…, Many birth control pill packs contain placebo pills. They have a lower incidence of spotting and breakthrough bleeding. For example, a doctor may prescribe Azurette and Kariva, or Reclipsen and Apri interchangeably because they have the same contents. Triphasic - three hormone doses over a cycle. However, just because the brand name is different, it doesn’t mean the contraceptive pills inside are different. Combination pills come in different ratios, or combinations, of active and inactive ingredients. 7 There is now a large range of products available with over 30 different registered brands. Micronor, which contains norethindrone and Slynd, which contains drospirenone, are progestin-only birth control pills. Last medically reviewed on June 12, 2020, There are many safe and effective birth control options available for people who do not want to get pregnant. Combination pills are significantly more effective at preventing pregnancy than the minipill. There are more than 30 different contraceptive pill brands here in Australia. Three combinations of birth control pills that contain progestin and estrogen are 1) monophasic, 2) biphasic, and 3) triphasic. Birth control pills are available as progestin-only minipills, which contain only one hormone, and combination pills, which contain the hormones estrogen and progestin. We’ve…. There are three categories of extended-cycle pills: 1. However, at present, there is no data to support one particular birth control pill being more effective than others at treating acne or excess hair growth. Birth control pills also offer some positives, like lower rates of endometrial and ovarian cancer, more regular cycles, and — let’s face it — preventing unwanted pregnancies. Some people prefer extended cycles because they only bleed once every 3 months. Some side effects improve after a few weeks with most resolving by 3 months as your body gets used to the pill. Birth control pills contain hormones and are designed to keep your level of hormones even throughout your entire cycle. However, the chance is typically low. Birth control pills are medications that help to prevent pregnancy. Birth control brands that contain drospirenone include: As before, it is important to note that a doctor may prescribe some brands interchangeably when they contain the same dosages, such as with Loryna and Yaz. The level of hormones remains the same in each active pill during the month. Low-dose pills contain less than 50 micrograms of estrogen per active pill. Missed or late periods can happen for plenty of other reasons. Without the egg, sperm have nothing to fertilize. Forgetting to take a birth control pill may increase the chance of pregnancy. These are also combination pills, but they’re also tri-phasic, meaning that … According to a 2015 article, most combination birth control pills contain ethinyl estradiol, which is an estrogen component, although the doses among brands will vary. One pill is taken each day for 21 days and then no pills are taken for the next 7 days. According to DailyMed, triphasic birth control pills contain 21 days of active hormonal pills with different doses of estrogen and progestin each week. Multiphasic. All rights reserved. Doctors may prescribe lower doses of ethinyl estradiol to reduce the side effects of estrogen. Each pill has the same amount of hormone in it. Tell your doctor if you have side effects that interfere with your daily life or become problematic. Progestin-only oral contraceptives come in packs of 28 pills. Read on to learn about them. They’re also a good option if you’re just starting birth control. In this type of combination birth control pill, each active pill contains the same amounts of estrogen and progestin. You may be at an increased risk of side effects if you: If you’re breast-feeding, you may need to consider alternative forms of birth control until you have stopped nursing. Each pack contains 84 active/hormone pills—this equals 12 weeks of continuous birth control. According to a 2015 article, it may help those with hair growth and acne. Use back-up contraception (e.g., condoms) or avoid sexual intercourse until 2 days after vomiting or diarrhea has resolved. The main difference between combination pills and minipills is that one has estrogen and the other doesn’t. Those who take birth control pills containing norethindrone may experience androgenic side effects. Oral contraceptives that tend to have high androgenic effects and low estrogen activity, for example, are more likely to … People might consider talking to a doctor or healthcare professional about which type of progestin will suit them best. Triphasel and Tri-Levlen. Several different types of birth control pills are available. Other progestins do not act in this way and may help those who experience acne or excess hair growth. According to the National Health Service (NHS) in the United Kingdom, combined birth control pills contain both progestin and estrogen. Tell your doctor if you still experience these issues after three months of consecutive use. Millions of American women use the birth control pill every month. Some brands containing these hormones include: There are also extended-cycle birth control pills, such as Seasonique, which contain 12 weeks of combined hormones (ethinyl estradiol and levonorgestrel) and one week of placebo or low dose ethinyl estradiol. Junel 1.5/30 (1.5 mg norethindrone, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Loestrin 1.5/30 (1.5 mg norethindrone, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Nortrel 1/35 (1 mg norethindrone, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), permanent sterilization surgery for females (tubal ligation). The progestin dose in a minipill is lower than the progestin dose in a combination oral contraceptive pill.The minipill thickens cervical mucus and thins the lining of the uterus (endometrium) — preventing sperm from reaching the egg. Noriday Ethinyl estradiol doses may vary between 20–35 micrograms (mcg). Here's what to know. Because of this, the minipill is great for women with certain medical conditions and those sensitive to estrogen. Most of these side effects will ease after several weeks or months of taking the pill. This article looks at how birth control pills treat acne, the…, © 2004-2021 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. This method of birth control is appropriate for those who cannot tolerate estrogen or who cannot take estrogen. The Office of Women’s Health (OWH) indicate that possible side effects of birth control pills include the following: According to a 2015 review article, one side effect of taking estrogen is an increased risk of developing blood clots. Pills that contain levonorgestrel include: A doctor may prescribe these brands interchangeably, providing they contain the same ingredients and dosages, as in the case of Aviane, Lessina, and Sronyx. There’s also a noticeable difference in how each pill affects your body. How Are Combination Pills and Minipills Different? The birth control pills that contain levonorgestrel appear to have lower risks of side effects, such as venous thrombosis, than some of the other progestin options. Microlut The pill is the most commonly used contraceptive method and approximately 50–80% of Australian women use it at some stage during their reproductive lives. Oral contraceptives are available in two formulations, a combined ethinylestradiol/ progestogen pill and a progestogen-only pill (POP). Depending on their desires, they can choose a combination pill that prevents pregnancy and minimizes side effects. Combination birth control pills may contain different types of progestin. The hormones also cause a buildup of thick, sticky mucus at the opening of your cervix. Norethindrone is a progestin that derives from testosterone. An example of a triphasic birth control pill is Ortho Tri Cyclen. Which drug a person gets may depend on a variety of factors, such as their insurance policy or availability of a specific brand. Certain risk factors can increase your likelihood of experiencing side effects. From IUDs and implants to condoms and diaphragms, each contraceptive has its pros and cons. According to a 2012 study, drospirenone can also help treat premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), which is a severe type of premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Both the birth control pill and the birth control shot, Depo-Provera, contain hormones. It is best to start taking progestin-only oral contraceptives on the first day of your menstrual period. Looking for the best contraceptive pill? Some brands of oral contraceptives are also used to treat acne in certain patients. These vary from person to person and do not necessarily depend on the brand of the pill. Depression on birth control: Everything you need to know. The emergency contraceptive pill (ECP), sometimes called the ‘morning-after pill’ may be … 91-Day: These continuous birth control pills include the pill brands: Seasonale, Quasense, Seasonique, and LoSeasonique. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) are generally the first-line choice for those who wish to use an oral contraceptive, unless oestrogen use is … 1. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP), often referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as "the pill", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women. Doctors consider pills containing levonorgestrel and ethinyl estradiol as first-line, and they are effective as long as a person takes them correctly. Combination pills prevent pregnancy in three ways. FE - Iron (ferrous fumarate) MES - Mestranol. Across all brands, most pills are one of two types. The minipill norethindrone (Camila , Ortho Micronor, others) is an oral contraceptive that contains the hormone progestin. Overview: Another Progesterone only pill, Noriday, like Microlut delivers a regular dose... 3. However, the article also indicates that there is limited evidence to confirm that it is better than other options is limited. Learn how this may affect your menstrual cycle. The pill is also known to treat ovarian cysts They also thin the uterus lining. These categories include: Monophasic pills contain only one phase or level of active hormones. If a person misses a pill, they should speak with a doctor or pharmacist. Common minipill brand names include: Camila Errin Heather Jencycla Jolivette Nor-QD Nora-BE Orthoa Micronor Phasic 21-day pills Each birth control pill brand may contain different doses of estrogen and different types of progestin. Each pill... 2. To briefly explain how the combination of these activities may cause side effects, let's look at some specific combination of birth control pills. A combined pill. A doctor can help a person decide which one is best. Read on to discover if stopping these pills mid pack has any associated risks or side…, When acne occurs due to hormonal imbalances, taking birth control pills can often help. Each pill contains 35 mcg of ethinyl estradiol, but the dose of norgestimate increases each week. Whatever your reasons for using birth control, you should work closely with your doctor to ensure that you find a pill that suits your needs and lifestyle. Without a thick lining, a fertilized egg has a difficult time attaching and developing. Five low dose birth control pills: Pills containing 0.02mg- 0.035mg.of estrogen fall into this category. Each month, you may have bleeding similar to a regular period while taking the inactive pills. Manufacturers express the dose of progestin in milligrams (mg) or mcg. Cost: 4x28, $13.50 This makes it harder for sperm to pass through your cervical opening. The level of active ingredients varies in multiphasic pills. Some combination birth control pills also thin the lining of your uterus. Yasmin is a popular brand of the combined contraceptive pill, sometimes thought of as being particularly ‘skin-friendly’. Some progestins also act like androgens, which are a group of hormones that play a role in a person’s sexual health. Different types of progestin vary in how androgenic they are. Birth control pills cannot prevent the spread of HIV or sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Low-dose pills are ideal if you are sensitive to hormones. In this article, we explain why different types of…, Plenty of anecdotal evidence suggests that people might develop depression and mood changes when taking birth control. It’s not uncommon for women to change the type or dose of birth control pills several times before finding an option that works best. Comments and Evidence Summary. Give it time: One study in the journal Contraception showed that 93.9 percent of women experienced bleeding in their first Pill pack, but by pack 13, that percentage had dropped to 21. Is it possible to get pregnant while on birth control? Monophasic - one hormone dose over a cycle. These are found in the last week of birth control pills in a pack. Common brands of low-dose progestin-only birth control pills include: Camila Errin Heather Jolivette Micronor Nora-BE Talk with your doctor if you’re trying to decide between types of birth control. First, the hormones prevent your ovaries from releasing an egg. There are many options available. According to ACOG, high levels of androgens can also play a role in acne and excess hair growth. It is very similar to Microgynon, Rigevidon and Ovranette, but produces a … Birth control pills typically contain progestin, estrogen, or a combination of both. Each pack contains 21 active pills containing hormones and 7 hormone-free "reminder" pills. However, healthcare professionals are leaning away from triphasic birth control as, according to a 2011 study, they do not appear to be any more effective than monophasic birth control. The two main types of birth control pill are: Combination pill, which contains synthetic estrogen and progestin. Some minipills can also prevent ovulation, but that’s not the primary function of these progestin-only pills. Combination birth control pills are also categorized according to whether the dose of hormones in the active pills stays the same or varies: Monophasic. How Long Does It Take for Birth Control to Work? All rights reserved. A person can learn more about monophasic birth control here. In Seasonique and LoSeasonique, these are low-dos… Learn whether you need to take…. Everything You Need to Know About Monophasic Birth Control, Here’s Why You Missed Your Period While on Birth Control, Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Why Is My Period Late: 8 Possible Reasons, Choosing Between the Birth Control Pill or the Depo-Provera Shot, Everything You Need to Know About Using A Diaphragm, weight gain, which is often due fluid retention, have a history of uncontrolled high blood pressure, have a history of heart attacks or heart disease, have a history of blood clotting disorders or problems. What contraceptive pill has the least side effects? There are many different brands of pill, made up of 3 main types: Monophasic 21-day pills. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Birth control pills that contain norethindrone include. They prevent ovulation, thin the endometrium, which is the lining of the womb, and thicken cervical mucus. Many healthcare professionals prefer to prescribe monophasic birth control pills. Doctors also do not recommend that those over 35 years old who smoke take birth control because of an increased risk of heart attack or stroke. Combination pills are also divided into two other categories based on the dose of hormones. For most women, birth control is safe and effective. Cost: 4x28, $12.39 This can be very desirable for menstruating women in their 40’s and 50’s, particularly those who suffer the heavy periods that can accompany perimenopause. Microgynon, Marvelon and Yasmin are examples of this type of pill. MONOPHASIC OCPs. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), Apri (150 mcg desogestrel, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Azurette (150 mcg desogestrel, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Kariva (150 mcg desogestrel, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Mircette (150 mcg desogestrel, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Reclipsen (150 mcg desogestrel, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Gianvi (3 mg drospirenone, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Loryna (3 mg drospirenone, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Ocella (3 mg drospirenone, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Syeda (3 mg drospirenone, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Yasmin (3 mg drospirenone, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Yaz (3 mg drospirenone, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Zarah (3 mg drospirenone, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Aviane (100 mcg levonorgestrel, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Lessina (100 mcg levonorgestrel, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Levora (150 mcg levonorgestrel, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Lutera (100 mcg levonorgestrel, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Portia (150 mcg levonorgestrel, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Sronyx (100 mcg levonorgestrel, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Balziva (400 mcg norethindrone, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Junel 1/20 (1 mg norethindrone, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Loestrin 1/20 (1 mg norethindrone, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Microgestin 1/20 (1 mg norethindrone, 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Necon (500 mcg norethindrone, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Nortrel 0.5/35 (500 mcg norethindrone, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Ortho-Novum 1/35 (1 mg norethindrone, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Cryselle (300 mcg norgestrel, 30 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Ortho Cyclen (250 mcg norgestimate, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Previfem (250 mcg norgestimate, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Sprintec (250 mcg norgestimate, 35 mcg ethinyl estradiol), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Existing drugs may cut off 'fuel supply' to an aggressive brain cancer, Link between sunscreen ingredient, diet, and cancer risk investigated, Medical mistrust linked to race/ethnicity and discrimination, Metabolism may be able to predict major depression, The Recovery Room: News beyond the pandemic — January 15, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. Monophasic birth control is a type of oral contraceptive. Is the Last Week of Birth Control Pills Necessary? Generally, women who take this type of pill have four periods per year. OCPs - Oral contraceptive pills. Some people prefer birth control methods that do not require remembering to take a pill every day. This is the most common type. Common forms of combination pills are: Conventional Pills The most common type of combination pill contains either 21 active pills and seven inactive, or placebo, pills or 24 active pills and four placebo pills. People who use birth control pills containing norgestimate or norgestrel may also experience androgenic side effects, such as hair growth and acne. This is what helps prevent ovulation and reduces your chances of having an unplanned pregnancy. Overview: A progesterone only pill, Microlut does not interfere with ovulation. However, there is evidence to suggest that it carries a higher risk of blood clots in the legs and lungs than older generation combined contraceptive pill brands such as Microgynon, Rigevidon, Logynon and Ovranette. The birth control pill introduces different hormones into your system. Worried about a late period, but know you aren't pregnant? What happens if you stop taking birth control pills mid pack? However, ACOG state that the risk is low. The level of the hormone is the same in each pill, and each pill contains active ingredients. These medications can contain estrogen and progestin or just progestin. Birth control pill brands that contain desogestrel include: Some of these birth control pills contain the same drugs in identical dosages but have different names. Your doctor can help you narrow your options until you find the one that works best for you. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. They may recommend that you switch pills. You may need to consider other birth control options. The progestin-only minipill may be ideal for some nursing mothers, so talk with your doctor about your options. Most doctors recommend giving a particular pill three months before you switch to another pill. Some people may want to use the birth control pill to help treat these conditions. There are currently 28 brands of pills in the UK, which can be divided in two types: the combined pill and the mini-pill (or progestogen-only pill). The pack also has seven inactive pills (in Seasonale and Quasense, these are placebo pills. A doctor will be able to help a person decide which type of birth control pill is most appropriate for them. Pills under different brand names, can contain the same hormones and the same dose of hormones. Fluctuations in your hormone levels can cause side effects. A person can learn more about the side effects of birth control pills here. Pros: They're a little harder to mess up than progestin-only pills. If you’re taking a contraceptive pill, you might be prescribed what looks like a new pill with a different brand name. All contraceptive pills have side effects. If this occurs, doctors may switch to a birth control pill with less androgenic activity. Others may not be able to use estrogen or progestin pills for a variety of reasons. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Weigh the risks and benefits of the two different pill types. However, some women will experience issues, especially when they first begin taking the pill. Oral contraceptives treat acne by decreasing the amounts of certain natural substances that can cause acne. The emergency contraceptive pill (ECP), sometimes called the ‘morning after pill’ may be … Pills, IUD, and More, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. Cilique. Each type of pill is effective, but your options may change based on your personal health history, your lifestyle, and the results you need.

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