Genus: Dendropicos The gila woodpecker, which has a life span of about 10 years, is commonly located in desert habitats, such as southeastern California, southern parts of Arizona, southwestern Nevada, and southwestern New Mexico. In captivity gila woodpeckers can live as long as 10 years, much less in the wild. Size The adult woodpecker weighs about 3.5 oz (68 gm) and is 8-10 inches long (20-25 cm). Melanerpes uropygialis: pictures (3) Melanerpes uropygialis: sounds (2) ... ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. It has the size and shape of a sapsucker. Gila Woodpecker – The Gila Woodpecker, like the Gila monster, lives in the deserts of the southwest United States and Mexico. This species prefers dry or lowland moist forests. The Acorn Woodpecker The acorn woodpecker – a nine-inch-long bird with a face like a harlequin – has a black and white head with a red crown, a yellowish-white throat, a black chin, a black bill and white-encircled eyes. The 12 species of woodpeckers in Arizona are the Lewis’s Woodpecker, Acorn Woodpecker, Gila Woodpecker, Williamson’s Sapsucker, Red-naped Sapsucker, American Three-toed Woodpecker, Downy Woodpecker, Ladder-backed Woodpecker, Hairy Woodpecker, Arizona Woodpecker, Northern Flicker, and the Gilded Flicker. The male has a red crown on the top of the head. Among our Southwestern species, the engaging acorn and Gila woodpeckers occur commonly within their principal territories. Gila Woodpecker: This species is a resident in southeastern California, extreme southern Nevada, southern Arizona, extreme southwestern New Mexico, northwestern and coastal Mexico and Baja California. They even hollow out cactus to create nesting cavities. When Gila’s carve out a nest hole in saguaro cactus, they usually do not inhabit it for several months. Quick Facts Woodpeckers will loudly bang on metal chimneys and pipes to declare their territories and to attract mates. Gila Woodpeckers also look different from other Melanerpes species such as the Acorn Woodpecker and Red-headed woodpecker. A desert species, the Gila Woodpecker makes nest holes in Saguaro cactus, riparian trees and buildings. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family overviews when you subscribe to Birds of the World. It feeds on insects, fruit and berries, and has been known to eat bird eggs. The males have a red crown and the females have a black crown with white stripes. Interesting facts about Gila Woodpeckers . The cavity excavated by the Gila woodpecker in saguaro cacti is known as a "boot". Note: Unlike most types of woodpeckers, the Gila Woodpecker does not nest in dead trees; instead, this desert-dwelling species prefers to raise its young in cavities within living Saguaro cacti. Nesting cavities of Gila woodpeckers are later used by a variety of other birds, including Elf owls. This gives the inner pulp time to dry and creates solid, firm walls within the cavity. This woodpecker adjusts readily to humans and is common in desert cities and suburbs. 12 types of woodpeckers in Arizona. The name 'Gila' is pronounced as 'heela'. Woodpeckers: Picoides. If current rates of decline persist, Gila Woodpecker populations may be halved in 50 years. U.S./Canada Population Estimate: 240,000 Each species account is written by leading ornithologists and provides detailed information on bird distribution, migration, habitat, diet, sounds, behavior, breeding, current population status, and conservation. 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