Spontaneous return of population continues and there are reports indicating up to 90% of the population of Goma has returned. "The current phase of the active eruption is finished. The area had been experiencing tremors intermittently since March 2001. Up to 60 killed in Goma petrol station blast Up to half a million were seriously at risk of malnutrition and disease, stranded without food, drinking water or shelter along the shores of Lake Kivu. Three lava flows were detected, two coming down the mountain's east side and one down the west. daccess-ods.un.org. There are a large number of refugees in a small area, shelter, sanitation, health and security issues are of immediate concern. Wrecked cars, twisted roofs and blackened trees lay strewn for miles around Nyiragongo. The Mount Nyiragongo eruption on 17 January 2002 destroyed a large part of the centre of Goma, a busy commercial centre in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Subsidence of the shoreline has also been observed in front of the lava flow that entered the lake in Goma itself. Aviation fuel stores exploded as the lava flow damaged Goma airport. Activity from deep beneath the earth's surface is also another possibility. A field team studied in detail the system of normal faults and fractures from Monigi to the North over about 3 km. It was confirmed that more than 600 metres of the crater floor almost completely collapsed. Sunday 20th January, 2002 Simple precautions may save a lot more lives than the most sophisticated scientific equipment. During the eruption lava flowed from fissures on the volcano's S and E flanks, moving towards the S. Lava flows cut directly through the city of Goma (~10 km S of the volcano) and continued onward to enter Lake Kivu. The tragedy unfolded as residents kept returning to the city in search of food and water despite warnings from aid agencies that Goma was not yet safe. Nyiragongo. Cargo planes carrying tons of supplies for the displaced have begun arriving in Kigali, Rwanda from where the aid will be trucked to the Congolese border, 75 miles to the west. Relief workers are scrambling to create order out of chaos after some 500,000 people fled the region hit by a huge volcanic eruption in east Africa, with at least one city devastated by lava flows. Read about our approach to external linking. Nyiragongo volcano in eastern Congo erupted Thursday, sending out plumes of ash and three rivers of lava that destroyed 14 villages near the Rwandan border and drove thousands from their homes. reports, United Nations officials reported that 45 people had been killed A 10-foot deep crust had formed over the river of molten rock running underneath, forming a bridge for the thousands of residents trying to get home for the first time since the eruption began on Thursday. daccess-ods.un.org. 7 paragraph 1 refers) likely came from the collapse of the inner crater of Mt. In Kindu, for instance, it is reported that the day after the eruption, price of salt increased by 300%. Video. The security situation is still fragile but has been reinforced by the authorities with harsh punishment threatened for looting. Nyiragongo is an active stratovolcano situated on the Eastern African Rift; it is part of Africa’s Virunga Volcanic Chain. Tens of thousands of people were made homeless and 400,000 people evacuated. Mount Baratu and Mount Shaheru are the nearest of the other volcanic mountains to Nyiragongo each with visible signs of past volcanic eruptions. Water from Lake Kivu poses no health threat to population. Vulcanologists who flew over Mount Nyiragongo saw through its sulphurous haze a new crater, seven miles below the main volcano. Risks of further seismic activities and pollution of the air are of great concerns. Wednedsay 23rd January, 2002 Let's hope we don't make the same mistakes in the future. Provision of water and adequate sanitary condition remains a high priority, as contamination of the lake Kivu has been feared. The lava took a long time to cool and it burnt people as they tried to return to their homes. However endangered gorillas that inhabit the region are unlikely to be hurt as they do not live on Nyiragongo's slopes. Watch this video clip about Mount Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo - it also makes a mini tourism case study. 4. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) A 100-m-wide delta formed where lava entered the lake. Unconfirmed reports indicate 45 deaths, but burn victims, smoke inhalation, and other injuries are expected. Samples of water and gas were collected for analysis at Cap Rubona where a pipeline, installed about 10 years ago, extracts gas from the lake Kivu at a depth of 320 metres. The Mugara cinder cone has been cut by the graben system to the West and shows evidence of significant instability. Sporadic gunfire was heard in Goma as soldiers tried to prevent looting, but the lack of overall crowd control allowed others to break into shops along deserted streets and take what little was inside. Saturday 19th January, 2002 Fourteen villages in the jungle around Goma were reported destroyed in the path of the lava. According to news reports, several earthquakes were of sufficient magnitude to have been felt in the Goma region. Mount Nyiragongo eruption. Many of these people would not have had any food or water since fleeing their homes Thursday evening and have been camping out in the open ever since. Sunday 20th January, 2002 Aid agencies were unable to access some areas of Goma. The eruption sparked a humanitarian crisis as refugees flooded into the town of Gisenyi, where they have no food or shelter. There were reports of another volcanic eruption at Mount Nyimuragira, a neighbouring volcano (14 km northwest of Nyiragongo), that had erupted in February 2001. Since the morning of 17 January 2002, lava flow was observed on the Rwanda side of the volcano and on the Congolese side, and has reached the town of Goma since then. Nyiragongo Volcanic Eruption 2002. (written by John Seach, Volcanologist). The order to allow them cross into Uganda was given by Kabale Resident District Commissioner James Mwesigye after consultations with the authorities in the capital Kampala and the district security committee. Eruptions are common and even last year there was a warning given about the postential disaster of an eruption in which lava reached Goma. United Nations officials estimate that 45 people have died in the 24 hours since red-hot lava began pouring out of Mount Nyiragongo down through the eastern town of Goma and on into Lake Kivu, which straddles the Rwandan border. Another 100,000 are believed by aid workers to have escaped westwards, some of them taking boats to Bukavu on the southern tip of Lake Kivu. One of these, at Nkamira, about 20 kilometres (12 miles) east of the Rwandan town of Gisenyi, is already a temporary home for former Rwandan refugees returning from the DRC. Tens of thousands have fled the city, seeking shelter with families and friends in other Congolese towns and villages. According to reports from news and government agencies, the eruption at Nyiragongo that began on 17 January appeared to have stopped by 21 January. Acta Vulcanologica 14-15, 27–62. Tuesday 29th January 2002  Two seismological stations on Mount Nyiragongo gave several days advance warning of the volcano's eruption, scientists working in the area say. On January 17, 2002, Nyiragongo erupted and the lava lake drained from fissures on its western flanks. British aid workers are travelling to Rwanda to help victims of the volcanic eruption in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) VDAP scientists nevertheless received a warning on 12 January - five days before the first eruption. Economic. But because of poor communications, word never reached most residents. opened up to the south side of the volcano and three streams of lava from the lake drained through the fissures. There is an indication that the emergency in Goma will have an impact on the economic situation in surrounding cities and towns, as those cities/towns depend on supplies from Goma ports. when lava vents were seen to develop within the city in advance of the main lava flow. Nyiragongo erupted at approximately 9:30 AM local time (2:30 AM EST) on January 17. Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira volcanoes, about 13 miles and 25 miles northeast of Goma, are the only two active volcanoes in the region. The UN food agency Saturday distributed nine tonnes of high-protein biscuits to tens of thousands of people who fled into Rwanda to escape an erupting volcano in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of Congo. Note: the last fact sheet was dated February 1, 2002. After observing the volcano on 21 January volcanologists stated, "The current phase of the active eruption is finished. A third flow was coming from a new volcanic crater on the Rwandan border. Bulldozers are endeavoring to clear pathways through the lava. Thousands remain homeless and are in need of food, health care and assistance in rebuilding their homes. At this time tremor with 5-second The Nyiragongo volcano, situated in Democratic Republic of Congo (1.5S, 29.3 E) near the border with Rwanda and only 10 kilometers from the town of Goma, is known as one of Africa's most active volcanoes. Over the years, his monitoring equipment has been stolen and vandalized, yet he has persisted. "The active phase of the volcanic eruption is finished," said Durieux, who was contracted by the UN to assess the situation. From 2002 up to date, there are still some seismic tremors and smaller eruptions which show that mount Nyiragongo is still an active volcano. Mount Nyiragongo - lava flows in 2002: Mount Nyiragongo is 3470m high and is an active stratovolcano in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (an LDC). Red Cross assessment teams say such movements make it difficult to supply accurate figures but it is estimated that 300,000 were displaced by the eruption. Sunday 20th January, 2002 The lava from the eruption was coming not from its summit but from cracks on three of its flanks, producing three molten rivers. Gas stations Asked whether the authorities and Goma residents would heed his warnings next time, he chuckled and said: "Certainly. 30% of water sources are restored in Goma and most of the town is expected to have had access to water by the evening of 22 January. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) High energy biscuits are being distributed. The Red Cross delivered chlorine to one of Goma's water treatment plants and Goemans said the water was free of harmful bateria but mineral tests were still being run. reportedly moved E towards Rwanda to the town of Gisenyi. 1.52 S, 29.25 E, summit elevation 3469 m, stratovolcano Aid workers were setting up water distribution systems and planning to start delivering food on Wednesday in Goma, where tens of thousands fled the streams of lava that cut through the lakeside city from Thursday's eruption of Mount Nyiragongo. The lava cut a swathe 60 metres wide through the centre of the city and the ensuing fires burned down buildings up to 40 metres on either side. A scientist team had a look at both of them (Nyimuragira and Nyiragongo) yesterday afternoon and there was nothing. All Rights Reserved. A seismologist from Japan has arrived to assist the team of volcanologists at Goma in identifying the cause of continuing geologic activity, and to assess possible risks to populations in the area. Immediate needs were identified as follows: food, medication, non-food items, and transport. The Gisenyi airstrip has resumed operations. The crater presently has two distinct cooled lava bencheswithin the crater walls – one at abo… The reported and unconfirmed eruption of Nyimuragira was not thought to pose a threat to Goma or Gisenyi. As the displaced people have gone back to Goma, the focus of the operation has now shifted from Gisenyi, Rwanda to Goma, DRC, at least for the time being. Earthqaukes Foretold Nyiragongo Eruption Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) 1.52 S, 29.25 E, summit elevation 3469 m, stratovolcano Sunday 27th January, 2002 Two seismological stations on Mount Nyiragongo gave several days advance warning of the volcano's eruption, scientists working in … Numbers Affected by the Eruption: [46] The 17 January 2002 eruption of Nyiragongo represents an interesting case study in volcanology, as well as perhaps an important evolutionary step in the history of the volcano. The volcano 12 miles north of Goma sent two lava flows into the city of half a million. Two experts in volcanology and geochemistry are due to arrive in Rwanda tomorrow with water sampling devices, temperatures and acidity measurement equipment to provide technical assistance. Disruption in economy trade has taken place and food supply lines have been cut. This time it was worse. He said most of the buildings in Congo were simple structures and thus resistant to earthquakes. Thursday 24th January, 2002 Wednedsay 23rd January, 2002 UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 57 non-accompanied children were counted in Bukavu. A number remained in Goma. The situation as of 18:00 hours Geneva time 22/01/2002 indicates some modification in volcanic activity. Wednedsay 23rd January, 2002 Saturday 19th January, 2002 There have been 47 fatalities so far. The massive humanitarian disaster which has occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo may have taken most people by surprise, but we fail to learn the lessons of the past. The ICRC is currently focusing on water assistance. On Jan. 4, it happened again. The Gisenyi airport in Rwanda is capable of accommodating small aircraft. Aid agencies were struggling to bring in emergency relief. After small earthquakes rocked the area early this month, Wafula said, he knew that the eruption was just days away. The tremors were most frequent between 1 and 4 a.m. local time, often coming as little as 30 seconds apart. N of the Goma Airport opened and lava flowed from them at an estimated 2-3 Mount Nyiragongo, the mountain the volcanologist had studied for 15 years without pay, was about to blow. Continuing lava flows threaten fuel storage tanks at the airport. Wafulah sent his first e-mail to international authorities on Jan. 8, raising the alarm of an imminent eruption. The most recent eruption of Mt. The United Nations was sending a plane with 28 metric tons of emergency supplies to Kigali to help the Congolese refugees. Total Affected: Approximately 350,000 (U.N.) The Federation /RRC will continue to address the needs of those assigned to them. It is estimated that approximately 350,000 people were affected by the disaster. Monday 28th January 2002  Cinder cones, dried volcanic rocks, empty craters, steep sided summits and other volcanic land features spread in all corners of the larger Virunga volcanic massif and need no interpretations. At daybreak the lava was continuing to flow but it no longer threatened to cut the road linking Goma with Rwanda, witnesses said. (AP) Sunday 20th January, 2002 Observers confirmed fractures formed on the morning of January 17 and expanded southward. Nyiragongo Volcano (Democratic Republic of Congo) The new lava sources was spewing to the southwest, covering one third of the runway at Goma's airport, destroying the city's Roman Catholic cathedral and thousands of homes. Goma on Fire as Lava Flows Through City None had seen any casualties. from UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Most of Goma's estimated half a million population appears to have fled eastwards into Rwanda. 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