See 2020 U.S. State Department Trafficking In Persons Report. Majority of these men, sometimes, refuse to use protection on these women and girls, and this carelessness results in STDs and STIs. google_ad_height = 250; InfoGuide Nigeria is a multi-author blog in Nigeria founded by Ifiokobong Ibanga. There are different forms of human trafficking in Nigeria. Others who are victims of organ trafficking are murdered and never make it back to Nigeria. That figure is now on the decline, as Nigerians are no longer within the top ten nationalities of arrivals by land or sea in 2019. Supra. According to ILO report, an estimated number of 5.5 Million children are trafficked around the world and the rate of trafficking keeps increasing as children are trafficked for sexual exploitation, forced labour, benefit fraud, criminal activities, and many more. Effects of human trafficking in Nigeria Human trafficking has adverse effects on the individual and nations involved. IMPACT OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA - Prior to the abolition of slave trade and slavery in the early 19th century, human beings were sold as commodities to merchants by kings and warriors in exchange for goods. the traffickers. No individual likes to live in harsh living conditions, where his basic needs cannot be met, and so any promise of a better life is quickly grabbed with both hands. Greed, war, and political conditions can also lead to human trafficking. Traffickers trade on human lives, subject them to gory and traumatic experiences in order to … The inhumane conditions that trafficked persons are subjected to leads to mental, emotional and psychological trauma. First, and most important, is the development of the country by the federal government in terms of infrastructure, job creation, and poverty alleviation. It also discusses the effects of women and children trafficking on the victims of human trafficking and the society at large. Nigeria: Human Trafficking Factsheet. 1&2, 104-117. According to the same Report, most reported male victims of trafficking are age 11 and under, with most female victims (the overwhelming majority of identified victims in Nigeria) being over 18 years of age. Global Data on Human Trafficking Human trafficking gangs Nigerian have sent thousands of women into the sex market within Italy, Spain and the Netherlands. It is a crime against the person, as it violates the person’s rights to life and movement. In Africa, a total of 955 prosecutions (down from 1,253 in 2018) and 2,112 convictions (up from 1,190 in 2018) were generated in 2019. This article is useful to curious learners, students, researchers, and policymakers. These and many other commendable efforts have been taken to prevent trafficking in persons. And, even when they are aware, they still agree to these terms because of the promise of greener pastures. Also pretty alarming is his claim that of those who perished on the journey, 68% were Nigerian university graduates. To win the fight against human trafficking we must understand why it is happening. They identify a void and offer to fill it. Trafficking from Nigeria to other African countries (particularly Cameroon, Ghana and Mali) and the Middle East is also on the rise, with Mali being the primary destination country from which would be victims are rescued by NAPTIP. It is estimated that over 15 million Nigerians leave outside the country for the purpose of education, jobs, as well as other illicit activities like commercial sex work. Has this article been helpful? There are also adverse effects on the population of the countries involved. (In fact, in Italy, Nigerians represented a meagre 2.1% of the total 11,000 land and sea arrivals in 2019 and numbers have continued to drop since 2017.) In 2017, a total of 18,000 Nigerian migrants were recorded to have arrived into Europe via the Mediterranean, 5,400 of which were women (UNHCR, 2018). • Nigeria remains a source, transit and destination country when it comes to human trafficking. Two thirds of this figure ($99 billion) is generated from commercial sexual exploitation, while another $51 billion results from forced economic exploitation, including domestic work, agriculture and other economic activities. • Estimates released by the Global Slavery Index in July 2018 indicate that there are 40.3 million victims of modern slavery worldwide, 71% of whom are women and girls and 25% of which are children. Human trafficking is an organised crime. In 2016, Nigerians accounted for about 21% of the total 181,000 migrants braving the Mediterranean to arrive into Italy. A country ridden by unemployment and poverty cannot successfully shake off the menace of human trafficking. CHILD TRAFFICKING IN NIGERIA: CAUSES, EFFECTS AND REMEDIES . Background on the Crisis of Human Trafficking in Nigeria. See 2020 U.S. State Department Trafficking In Persons Report. The Index maintains that modern day slavery is most prevalent in Africa (with 9.24 million slaves and an average vulnerability score of 62/100). Those statistics notwithstanding, the total number that currently embark on the journey from Nigeria to Europe remains largely unknown. Read Also: Head of Buhari’s Daura district kidnapped. Prior to the development of the aforementioned Joint Initiative, i.e., in March 2015, Nigeria entered into the Common Agenda for Migration and Mobility Agreement with the EU to address the following: (1) improving legal migration and mobility; (2) preventing and combatting unsafe migration and human trafficking; (3) addressing the root causes and maximizing the development impact of migration; and (4) promoting international protection and support for internally displaced persons. Human trafficking is a human right violation and every year; thousands of men, women and children are trafficked by those known to them and in their own communities too. • The total number of human trafficking victims outside of Nigeria is largely unknown. Human trafficking in Nigeria has assumed unimaginable dimension in the last two decades due to several factors which include globalization, economic recession, poverty, conflicts, weak legal system, and lack of adequate legislation and of political will. trafficking especially as it concerns women and children trafficking. (The multiagency and multidisciplinary Task Force was a recommendation by Pathfinders to the Governor following our successful consultation for the state and organization of the Edo State Workshop on Human Trafficking in May 2017.) Consequences of human trafficking The victims of trafficking are exploited and abused, suffer from different infection contaminations and diseases (more often sexually transmitted diseases such as Hepatitis, Syphilis, and HIV), physical and psycho injuries, and even death. IOM estimates that 80% of these young women arriving from Nigeria – whose numbers have soared from 1,454 in 2014 to 11,009 in 2016 – will likely be forced into prostitution as sex trafficking victims. But, research has identified a range of issues that victims and survivors may experience. • Human trafficking, a form of modern day slavery, involves the illegal trade of people for exploitation or commercial gain and is a $150 billion global industry. Subscribe to our mailing list and get interesting stuff and updates to your email inbox. European nations, like Spain and Italy, are the major target of those fleeing the nation, and recently, it was discovered that Italy has the highest population of Nigerian’s victimized by human trafficking, with over 20,000 women and girls found to be prostituting on the streets of Italy. Women and girls trafficked to European nations are forced to engage in illicit commercial sex, and so are exposed to all forms of sexually transmitted diseases and infections. The crime is as profitable as trafficking in arms and ammunitions and is the second most profitable criminal network to that of drug trafficking; with annual earnings of approximately US 32 Billion dollars (US State Dept). Any action taken as a result of information, analysis, or advertisement on this site is ultimately the responsibility of the reader. According to IOM, approximately 11,000 women arrived via the Mediterranean Sea into Italy in 2016, again mostly from Edo. While, boys are taken for the purpose of begging, mining, and domestic servitude. Trafficking in human beings and more especially, trafficking in Children has been on a rise across the globe. The new Act, which was approved by the Edo State House of Assembly in March 2018 (just shortly after the Oba of Benin’s pronouncement on March 9th renouncing all curses which had been placed on victims of human trafficking in Edo State by juju priests), “provides an effective and comprehensive legal and institutional framework for the prohibition, prevention, detection, prosecution and punishment of human trafficking and related offenses in Edo State,” according to Governor Obaseki. NAPTIP further contends that 75% of those who are trafficked within Nigeria are trafficked across states, while 23% are trafficked within states. , 2 million children are trafficked from Nigeria to America and Europe received return, arrival! The Impact of human trafficking Factsheet delta States following Area of Ogun State as a case study then, arrivals. 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