The gestation period is 185 to 195 days. Sagarmatha Nationalpark. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. "Musk deer facing risk of extinction" (Timmins and Duckworth, 2008). "Moschus leucogaster" IUCN Status: Endangered. Although both sexes have long upper canines, the males' grow longer, up to 7 to 10 cm. Himalayan musk deer reside in the Himalayan mountain range, particularly within the countries of Bhutan, India, Nepal, and a small part of China. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster ; hereafter musk deer) are endangered as a result of poaching and habitat loss. In otherwords, Europe and Asia and northern Africa. Abstract . They are also alerted danger through their good sense of hearing. Uniquely, the females have a single pair of mammae. Around 6 months of age, young Himalayan musk deer are weaned and able to consume food from their surroundings, becoming completely independent. Himalayan musk deer mate between November and January, although some females may not mate until March. In other words, India and southeast Asia. The ventral side of their bodies ranges from gray to white. Timmins, R., J. Duckworth. And it also has been listed as EN by the red list of China’s vertebrates. Wilson, D., D. Reeder. Himalayan musk deer are listed as endangered on both the IUCN Red List and the US Federal List. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a (now extinct) synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities. Accessed Read More. Ecology and Evolution. 2010. at http://dezi9or.com/c4n/wildindia/muskdeer/description.htm. "Family Moschidae" Function i. Image of china, animal, moschiferus - 104642627 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/13897. Online Burma/Myanmar Library. Abweichend von den Hirschen weisen sie eine Gallenblase auf und das Euter der Weibc… 2005. They can jump as far as 6 m, which is advantageous when being chased by slower predators. 1995. The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elusive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. Green, M. 1978. having body symmetry such that the animal can be divided in one plane into two mirror-image halves. living in the northern part of the Old World. Selection of latrine sites by Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) in Neshyang Valley, Annapurna Conservation Area, Nepal. (Aryal, 2005; "Himalayan musk deer (Moschus moschiferus moschiferus)", 2010) Himalayan musk deer mate between November and January, although some females may not mate until March. A substance that provides both nutrients and energy to a living thing. Accordingly, they eat grasses, forbs, mosses, lichen, twigs, shoots, and plant leaves. Photo about White-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer Moschus leucogaster. Moschustiere (Moschidae) sind eine mit den Hornträgern (Bovidae), also mit Antilopen, Ziegenartigen und Rindern, verwandte Familie der Paarhufer. March 20, 2009 Certified Wildlife Friendly® Enterprises that Help Conserve Himalayan Musk Deer, Click below to learn about how we are helping. 2005. They are primarily active during the morning and evening hours, often when feeding. However, musk deer establish and repeatedly use the same latrines for defecation. (Green, 1978; "Himalayan musk deer (Moschus moschiferus moschiferus)", 2010), Himalayan musk deer have a highly acute sense of smell. Himalayan musk deer also have gall bladders, a characteristic that distinguishes musk deer from other deer. Tel: +977-1-4386690 (in Nepal), “Wildlife Friendly® is a brand consumers trust to make choices that conserve nature - priceless!”- Dr. David Wilkie. Himalayan Musk Deer. (Nyambayar, et al., 2008), Himalayan musk deer are solitary, terricolous creatures that usually try to conceal themselves in vegetation. The White-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a musk deer species occurring in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and China. ("Family Moschidae", 2009; "Musk Deer", 2009; Aryal, 2005), Himalayan musk deer are herbivores and feed on what is seasonally available. March 15, 2009 at http://www.arkive.org/himalayan-musk-deer/moschus-leucogaster. Disclaimer: Additional support has come from the Marisla Foundation, UM College of Literature, Science, and the Arts, Museum of Zoology, and Information and Technology Services. This terrestrial biome includes summits of high mountains, either without vegetation or covered by low, tundra-like vegetation. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster); hereafter musk deer) are endangered as a result of poaching and habitat loss. "Moschus moschiferus" April 25, 2009 A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed). We provide a complete mitogenome of M. leucogaster and examine its phylogenetic position with other seven Artiodactyla … Local communities are highly dependent on forests for their daily livelihood support. Nyambayar, B., H. Mix, K. Tsytsulina. 2020. When chased, Himalayan musk deer seek mountainside shelters in which to hide. Characteristics; Distribution and habitat; Ecology and behaviour that region of the Earth between 23.5 degrees North and 60 degrees North (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle) and between 23.5 degrees South and 60 degrees South (between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle). ARKive: Images of Life on Earth. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Musk is an important component in perfume and is also used in traditional medicinal practices. at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/13901. These efforts are helping to create sustainable supply chains that will benefit these communities for years to come while giving consumers high quality natural products and improving the conditions of key wildlife habitat. Moschus leucogaster Vernacular names [ edit wikidata 'White-bellied musk deer' ] English : Himalayan musk deer, Himalayan Muskdeer, Himalayan Musk-deer, Himalayan Musk Deer, White-bellied Musk Deer Additionally, Himalayan musk deer are preyed on by leopard, lynx, yellow-throated marten, red fox, grey wolf, wild dogs, and occasionally birds of prey. As a result, males mark their territories by rubbing their caudal gland against vegetation. Threats to native wildlife include unsustainable use of non-timber forest products which degrades habitat upon which wildlife depend. Moschustiere (Moschus) Art: Himalaya-Moschustier Wissenschaftlicher Name; Moschus leucogaster: Hodgson, 1839 Das Himalaya-Moschustier (Moschus leucogaster) ist eine Art der Moschustiere (Moschidae). 2011. found in the oriental region of the world. All rights reserved. March 15, 2009 As a result forest coverage has increased substantially over the last 10 years improving habitat for wildlife. They can jump as far as 6 m, which is advantageous when being chased by slower predators ("Family Moschidae", 2009; Aryal, 2005; Nyambayar, et al., 2008), The male musk sac is highly sought after by humans, and hunting and trapping have caused declines in Himalayan musk deer populations. (On-line). Moschus leucogaster – Himalayan Musk deer. March 17, 2009 The species is listed as an Endangered (EN) species by the IUCN red list of threatened animals. Ungulates of the World. Job creation and income generating opportunities at a local level, where forest sustainability, social, and economical issues are a factor, are now closely monitored and product quality is controlled from harvest to finished product. This material is based upon work supported by the (Aryal, 2005; Green, 1978; Nyambayar, et al., 2008), Himalayan musk deer weigh around 11 to 18 kg and are 86 to 100 cm in length. National Science Foundation Moschus leucogaster Hodgson, 1839 – Himalayan Musk Deer. 2000. April 25, 2009 The geographic range of the Himalayan musk deer has sharply declined in recent years due to predation, trapping by humans, and habitat destruction. Greater crown cover and shrub diversity were associated with the presence of musk deer whereas tree height, diameter and diversity were weakly correlated. Share. Accessed January 16, 2021 at https://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Moschus_leucogaster/. (Nyambayar, et al., 2008), Himalayan musk deer attempt to conceal themselves within vegetation to avoid predators. at http://arts.anu.edu.au/grovco/GrovesWangGrubb.pdf. 2018;1–15. (On-line). Das Himalaya … The musk produced by this genus of primitive deer is highly valued for its cosmetic and alleged pharmaceutical properties, and can fetch U.S.$45,000 per kilogram on the international market. Track our progress by signing up for our occasional news blast. We conducted transect surveys in central Nuristan and confirmed the presence of musk deer Moschus cupreus > 60 years after the last documented observation of the species in Afghanistan. The canines break easily, but tooth growth is continuous. Johns Hopkins University: Johns Hopkins University Press. Because Himalayan musk deer roam at elevations higher than 2,500 m, their habitat predominantly consists of vegetation typical of alpine regions. They may travel 3 to 7 km per night, but they always return to their usual territories by daybreak. One to two young are typically born between May and June and nurse from their mother for about 2 months. (On-line). are members of the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. having the capacity to move from one place to another. The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elu-sive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. Musk deer (Moschus spp.) Moschus leucogaster was separated from Moschus chrysogaster based on skull size proportions, though it is difficult to distinguish one species from another by sight. 920-926. Status and distribution of Himalayan Musk deer ‘Moschus chrysogaster’ in Annapurna Conservation Area of Manang District, Nepal. Email: hbtlp@wlink.com.np Cite this page along with its URL as: Bayani, A. Young deer become sexually mature by 16 to 24 months of age. Himalayan birch (Betula utilis) dominated forest, mixed Himalayan fir (Abies spectabilis) and birch forest were preferred over pure Himalayan fir and blue pine (Pinus wallichiana) forest. Search in feature The musk gland attracts females during mating season, and the caudal gland is used to mark territory. They urinate elsewhere. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up The species is nocturnal, crepuscular, and elusive, making direct observation of habitat use and behavior difficult. (On-line). Convergent in birds. It is listed as endangered by the IUCN because of overexploitation resulting in a probable serious population decline. Verbreitungsgebiet des Himalaya-Moschustiers. ("Musk deer facing risk of extinction", 2000; Green, 1978; Nyambayar, et al., 2008). and across multiple seasons (or other periods hospitable to reproduction). Pp. Accessed Taxon Information Nepal. at http://books.google.com/books?id=726qparJDBgC&pg=PA56&lpg=PA56&dq=himalayan+musk+deer&source=bl&ots=tbhxfDClJ_&sig=_1yJ8yJ2YH9e4Y1Y2lJdF1QT7hc&hl=en&ei=CNK9Sa_qMoTFnQfe2LihBg&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=5&ct=result#PPA62,M1. Wildlife Friendly Enterprise Network. Promoting and marketing locally producedCertified Wildlife Friendly® products including beautiful handmade papers, woven nettle and hemp fabric and products,and essential oils, have greatly benefited marginalized community groups, helping them to fight poverty and improve their standard of living, while protecting the extraordinary biodiversity of the region. at http://www.itnc.org/FinalReportonMuskdeerManang.pdf. Solukhumbu Bezirk. One to two young are typically born between May and June and nurse from their mother for about 2 months. forest biomes are dominated by trees, otherwise forest biomes can vary widely in amount of precipitation and seasonality. at http://www.burmalibrary.org/reg.burma/archives/200010/msg00023.html. Himalayan Musk Deer (Moschus leucogaster) Population Trend: Decreasing. This species is also known by the following name(s): Moschus chrysogaster ssp. In addition, male Himalayan musk deer have a musk sac (between their reproduction organs and umbilicus) and a caudal gland (at the base of their tail), both of which play a role in communication. Male Himalayan musk deer are quite territorial of other males and fight those which attempt to enter their territory. Members of this species are thought to use latrine sites and other strong-smelling secretions to mark their territory. Acia Theriologica Sinica, 15/3: 181-197. 56-64 in Threatened Deer. In addition, where Nepal borders Tibet, there is cross-border illegal trade in wildlife parts. Moschus leucogaster. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support. (On-line). leucogaster, Alpine Musk Deer, Moschus sifanicus. Moschus leucogaster (Himalayan musk deer) Status. [1] Contents. 1, pp. Himalayan musk deer have a distinctive bounding gait. [1] Ursprünglich nahm man an, dass sie mit den Hirschen verwandt sind: In älterer Literatur wurden sie oft als Moschushirsche bezeichnet und als ursprüngliche Unterfamilie der Hirsche angesehen. In view of its solitary behaviour and need for dense cover, the musk deer probably relies chiefly on olfaction for communication. Journal of Applied Animal Research: Vol. Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster). Because it is difficult to distinguish Himalayan musk deer from similar species such as Moschus chrysogaster, the exact rates of their population declines are debatable. "Himalayan musk deer (Moschus moschiferus moschiferus)" (Timmins and Duckworth, 2008), Himalayan musk deer are thought to inhabit a similar habitat to their close relative Moschus chrysogaster, which occupies meadows, shrublands, and sparse forests, such as fir forests. Additionally, musk deer do not have antlers. Accessed (On-line). The white-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a musk deer species occurring in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and China.It is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List because of overexploitation resulting in a probable serious population decline. mtDNA confirms the presence of Moschus leucogaster (Ruminantia, Moschidae) in Gaurishankar Conservation Area, Nepal Musk deer (genus Moschus), an endangered mammal, is not only of great concern for its conservation, but also of great interest to understand its taxonomic and phylogenetic associations in Nepal.The aim of this study was to identify the taxonomic status of musk deer … While ADW staff and contributors provide references to books and websites that we believe are reputable, we cannot necessarily endorse the contents of references beyond our control. 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