Freezing also can help control the pest. The selection takes about 47 days to flower and matures in 90 days. Thrips (Megalurothrips sjostedti) – This pest attacks the flowering stage of cowpea. The vegetable grower has available all the information to successfully grow all vegetable crops, including site, soil, preparation seed … Cowpea is one of Africa’s most versatile crops – it feeds people and livestock and, as a nitrogen-fixing legume, it also improves soil fertility. Walp.) Dr. Edgar […] Cowpea cannot easily withstand the competition of weed, especially at the early growing stage, if the weed is not well managed or controlled, it can accommodate pest and also reduce the yield and quality of the Cowpea. Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru Cowpea is important quick growing legume, which fits well in crop rotation. The whole plant is used as foragefor animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsibl… The farm land should be cleared, removing shrubs and especially stubble; it can be sprayed with herbicide to stop the emergence of weed on the land, it should be plowed or harrowed for good root growth, you can also make ridges if you want. Cowpea Plant Description: It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. Nigeria is the world’s leading cowpea producing country, followed by Brazil. The two types of parasitic weeds that affect Cowpea are Striga and Alectra. Fusarium Wilt affects the leaves, it causes the lower leaves on one side of the plant to turn yellow, and plants infected are usually stunted and wilted. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is a widely grown legume food crop of the tropics.It is an important crop of India and it is known by many Vernacular names like lobia (Hindi), barbatati (bangals), sonta (Garhwali), chavati (Marathi), alasande (Canada) and mampayer (Malayalam). The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Apply Rock Phosphate @ 250 kg / ha during sowing preferably in the planting lines to ensure better fertilizer use efficiency. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Cowpea has its root in Africa most especially South, West and East Africa but the name Cowpea probably emerged when it got to the United States of America and was used as an important feed for Cow. Cowpea seeds also vary in size, shape and colour and the number of seeds per pod also varies. This shows that all over Nigeria Cowpea is consumed in so many forms, thereby increasing the demand for cowpea. Stem Rot is caused by Phytophthora vignae, it occurs mainly in wetter coastal and sub-coastal areas, also occurs on waterlogged soils. High temperatures can cause flower and pod drop, resulting in low grain yield. Cowpea also has the ability to tolerate both acid and alkaline soil conditions (Fery 1990), and the crop is responsive to favourable growing conditions (Ehlers and Hall 1997). It produces lengthy bold and fleshy pods. The largest production of harvested dried seed is in Africa. Cover crop mixes in Montana are increasingly becoming a tool for producers to improve soil health. crop . The bottom line of Growing Cowpeas: Cowpea cultivation is profitable as this can even be used for any animal fodder as well as food grain requirement. The website provides a separate homepage for registered farmers and buyers in which they can advertise their farm produce, farm facilities, rentals and farm lands. Commercial pesticides are used to control aphids and the most effective are systemic pesticides, also heavy rains do reduce aphids. Francis Padi from the Savannah Agricultural Research Institute in Tamale, Ghana, writing in Crop Science, suggests other methods such as bulk breeding are more efficient in developing high-yield varieties. ), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF FRENCH BEANS (Phaseolus vulgaris), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF PINEAPPLE (Ananas comosus), MAIN PESTS AND DISEASES OF MAIZE (Zea mays), SUSTAINABLE PEST MANAGEMENT IN GREEN HOUSES AND HIGH TUNNELS, How to make Your Own Animal Feeds (For Cattles and Sheep), Graphical Representation of Market Prices for September 2020, Apply chemicals (fungicide and herbicide), Topsoil that have been contaminated should be ploughed to reduce the incidence of pathogens. Use of maize and cowpea on borders and wild brinjal and setaria as intercrop significantly helps in reducing the pest population. by Agrobacterium infiltration. The peas, the fresh pods and the fresh leaves all make excellent vegetables with a high nutritional value. Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. How Cowpea is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. The requirement of water for cowpea is minimum. In order to control Mosaic virus and Fusarium Wilt it is s best to plant tolerant or resistant varieties. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus Vigna. It belongs to the family Fabaceae and its cultivated species The grains contain 25% protein, and several v Varieties of Cowpea: Pusa phalguni, which is best for sowing as a summer crop, Pusa Barsati is best for rainy season crop, Pusa Dofasli is best for summer as well as the rainy season. Pictures are often cropped to focus attention on a particular area. Cowpea, (Vigna unguiculata), annual plant within the pea family (Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. when the rainfall is reduced. Therefore, it is advisable to apply phosphorous in the form of rock phosphate or DAP and potash in the form of Muriate of Potash. Names of Cowpea in various languages of the world are also given. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. cowpea = आळसुंदे | aallsuNde cowpea = चवळी | chvllii. If you ask a layman in Nigeria what cowpea is, you would have a hard time finding the right answer but once you say Beans, they know exactly what you mean. Crops that are botanically similar or are likely to be attacked by the same diseases and pests should not normally follow each other in the rotation. It is now a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily for seed, but also as a vegetable (for Cowpea does well on any soil but the best soil for cowpea is well-drained Sandy loam soil or Sandy soil with a soil pH in the range of 6 to 7, although its sensitive to water-logging conditions. Retrieved from " https://science … Crop Sci 25:740–742 CrossRef Google Scholar. One ploughing followed by a harrowing ensures good weed control and a suitable seed bed. Botanically, it is called Vigna unguiculata and is grown in the semi-arid tropics which cover Asia, Far East, Africa, Central and South America. It can cause complete crop loss and in some cases where infestation is severe plants do not produce flowers or flowers appear distorted and discoloured, flower buds and flower can fall prematurely in some cases without forming any pod. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Control of the cowpea aphid, Aphis craccivora Koch (Homoptera: Aphididae), in cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. About 35-40 kg seed is required to plant one ha. Although, the crop comes up easily without much management, the productivity levels of the crop in general are very low. It shows considerable diversity in growth habit, flower and seed coat colour. To prevent this, use diseases resistant varieties and keep the field weed free. PEST AND DISEASES OF YAM (Dioscorea spp. Research in Ghana found that selecting early generations of cowpea crops to increase yield is not an effective strategy. The selection takes 68-70 days for flowering with total crop duration of 100-105 days. Cowpea is an important economic crop, because of its various attributes such as: ability to adapt to different type of soils and suitability for intercropping, it grows and covers the topmost soil which in turn prevents erosion, all parts of Cowpea are useful even the leaves which can produce 9 times the calories, 15 times the protein, 90 times the calcium and thousands of times more … Generally it should be done 40 - 45 days after sowing. This grain is valued as staple food. Farmer.Live is the online marketing platform for both the farmers and buyers. (IPM CRSP, 2000). Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata) Local names: Hindi: Lobia, Barbati, Alsande Marathi: Chavli Tamil: Karamani Telugu: Bobbarelu, Alasandulu Kannada: Avadai Malyalam: Kottapayaru. Adesoye A, Machuka J, Togun A (2008) CRY 1AB transgenic cowpea obtained by nodal electroporation. The yield of Cowpea: in Cowpea cultivation, the yield can be expected around 40 to 70 quintal green pods/ha. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the semiarid regions across Africa and Asia. Pluck the pods on maturity once they turn brown, normally three to four pickings are Soils with satisfactory organic carbon (>0.6 %) give good response to it's cultivation. Besides, cowpea being a self-pollinating crop, it encourages farmers to keep seeds from harvests for subsequent plantings. Pod sucking bugs (Anoplocnemis curvipes): This pest attacks the pods of Cowpea. Cowpea. It contains 20%-25% of protein and 64% carbohydrate and has potential for poverty alleviation and malnutrition amongst the poor; also all parts of cowpea are useful, its vegetative part is good feed for cattle. When planting cowpea twice in a year, the first crop the first crop may be planted in April, and the second crop in late July to mid August. The plant grows up to 24 inches in height. Cowpea is a multipurpose crop, grown for both humans and livestock. Hermetic storage (process of removing oxygen present in the atmosphere) technologies can also aid in controlling the pest. It is better to sow in plough-sole so as to place the seed in the moist zone at a depth of 5 cm. It grows to a height of 55 cm with 3-4 primary branches under normal conditions. In order to provide micronutrient needs of the crop, ZnS04@25kg and 2kg molybdenum is recommended/ ha which will depend on the soil test values for these micronutrients. In Goa, "Alsando" serves as a dual purpose pulse being cultivated both in Kharif (June-Sept) mostly for green leafy vegetable purpose in lateritic uplands (Morod) and also as an intercrop in horticultural crops while the major area is during rabi (December- March) as a rice fallow crop under residual soil moisture situations. A good crop of cowpea yields about 12 - 15 q of grain and 50 - 60 q of straw per hectare. Check out our Network Blogs! This study was undertaken to elucidate the inheritance of resistance to aphid in cowpea. Goa local cowpea is preferred in many of the culinary preparations owing to its bold size with soft texture, better cooking quality, exquisite taste realizing high value from the produce. Cowpea (severe) mosaic 86 Cowpea (yellow) mosaic 88 Cowpea aphid-borne mosaic 90 Cowpea golden mosaic 92 Parz.itic Higher Plants Witchweed 94 Non-Parasitic Disorders Calcium, magnesium and sulphur 96 deficiencies Molybdenum and iron deficiencies 98. ii Walp. ), Plant Cell, Tissue and … Cowpea is an annual herb which has a growth form that varies; it can be bushy, trailing, erect or climbing. Cowpea: Scientific Name: Vigna unguiculata L. Walp: Family: Leguminaceae: Hindi Common Name: Chavli : Marathi Common Name: Chavli It’ is advised to store the seeds using Hermetic storage techniques, the store should be cleaned before loading in new seed and also the seeds should be sorted before storing. The decision to treat is based on visual counts and the stage of crop development. Take care to uproot the weeds fully and allow them to dry out. Copyright @ 2019 ICAR-CCARI, Ela, Old Goa 403 402 - Goa, Fruits & Vegetable Availability Maps of India, Fruit Processing schemes Application format. It is thought to have been one of the first plants to be cultivated by humans, and its seeds are a good source of protein and vitamins, playing an important role in traditional African, Asian and southern US cuisine. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.). The yield increase may range from 20 to 35 %. It is best to complete weeding by the 6th week, when the crop is already covering the ground. Gudi Padwa Rangoli Electron Media. The fertilizer requirement has to be decided based on soil test report after the harvest of paddy. IPA: /kɹɑp/, /kɹap/, krɒps, /krɒp/; Type: verb, noun; Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; MicrosoftLanguagePortal. It thrives in sandy soils and tolerates drought better than most crops. Dhulape Utorda-3 (Goa Cowpea-3): It is also an indeterminate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield. However, it can also be grown in lateritic soil with good water holding capacity. Cowpea ensures returns for both the marketers and producers which in turn aids sustainability of the system. exposing the crop to moisture stress. The species includes 11 sub-species and many relatives, some grown as minor legumes and forage crops. Soil conditions Cowpea grows in a wide range of soil types. For fodder, the cutting of the crop depends upon the need and the stage of growth of the component crop sown with it. It grows to height of about feet with profuse dense foliage (upto 40 trifoliate leaves/plant) with vine growth upto one metre having 4-5 primary branches under ideal conditions. The weed-suppressing activity of cowpea may be due, in part, to allelo-pathic compounds in the residue. vigna unguiculata or cowpea relative crop. Further, treat this seed with 375-500 g of Rhizobium before sowing specially in newly cultivated areas so as to ensure the benefit of biological nitrogen fixation. Connect to DesiMejwani! Developed and Maintained by e-portal team, ICAR-CCARI, Ela, Old Goa The inter-row and intra-row spacing depends on the type of variety of cowpea grown and the growing pattern, but generally for grain production, a plant population of 200,000 to 300,000/ha at 30 to 50cm inter-row spacing is preferred. All data and information provided on this site is for informational purposes only. It prefers well drained, sandy soils or sandy loams. The selection has a potential seed yield upto 2000 kg/ha and a haulm yield of 4.30 t/ha. West and Central Africa are the leading cowpea producing regions in the world producing 64% of the estimated 3 million tons of cowpea seed. Alsondo-1: It is a determinate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield. The cowpea crop can be used as green fodder for animal or can make organic manure when they are bearing flowers. Goa cowpea (locally called Alsando) is a bold seeded type with a viny growth producing higher biomass. In general, application of 10-25 kg N, 50-60 kg P205 and 25 -30 kg K20 gives better response with increased yield. In Goa, due to high rainfall and presence of iron and aluminium in soils, the phosphorous gets fixed into the soil and is not available for plant for active root uptake. The move could potentially help reduce rural poverty and … Crop Protection 14(1), 47-50. Know your Vegetables provides all you need to know about growing and cooking vegetables. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely cultivated genus Vigna. Cowpea is a major pulse crop in the West Coast region and is grown extensively as a rice fallow crop under residual moisture situations. Root Rot is caused by fungi, due to either damp weather or too much of moisture in the soil. Konkan Sadabahar : It is dwarf type, umbel growth habit, early maturing plant with upright green peduncles, pods and leaves green colour, early and all season variety, yields about 13-14q/ha. It is grown extensively in the low lands and mid- altitude regions of Africa (particularly in the dry savanna) sometimes as sole crop but more often intercropped with … The flower has got the shape of bell in the color of white, pink, dirty yellow, purple or blue. Peas have many different pests such as aphids, thrips, leaffooted bugs, stink bugs, and various caterpillar species. Cowpea is one of the important legume crops not only in the Philippines but also in many countries of the world. 80 kg N ha)1 following cowpea in rotation (Quin 1997). In Nigeria it is simply known as ‘beans’. Cowpea that is grown for vegetable purposes are picked 4 weeks after planting. This crop is highly adapted and cultivated around the world primarily for seed but also consume the young shoots/leaves, green and tender pods, immature seeds and mature dried seeds. Cowpea, lobia (Vigna unguiculata). The crop also helps in smothering weeds (20-45%) when grown as intercrop in widely spaced crops. Goa Nadora (Nadora Bardez-4): It is an indeterminate type of local cowpea selection with bold pods and high yield. Cowpea is an important economic crop, because of its various attributes such as: ability to adapt to different type of soils and suitability for intercropping, it grows and covers the topmost soil which in turn prevents erosion, all parts of Cowpea are useful even the leaves which can produce 9 times the calories, 15 times the protein, 90 times the calcium and thousands of … The date of planting should be timed in such a way that will allow the crop to escape from periods of high pest, and harvesting to coincide with the period of dry weather because harvesting under humid cloudy weather favours pod rot. क्रॉप करा . It is now a broadly adapted and highly variable crop, cultivated around the world primarily for seed, but also as a vegetable (for leafy greens, green pods, fresh shelled green peas, and shelled dried peas), a cover crop and for fodder. Quick green manure. The optimum temperature for growth and development is around 30 °C. It responds well to a spacing of 45 cm to accommodate more plants per unit area. मराठी Marathi meaning of 'cowpea'. Cowpea (Vigna sesquipedalis)also known as southern pea and black eye pea,is one of the most important vegetables.It is cultivated for its long,green or purplish pods to be cooked as vegetable or for dry seeds used as pulse.Cultivated cowpea belongs to 3 groups-common cowpea,producing 20-30cm long pods withs small seeds.Catjang bean producing 7-13cm long pods with 5-6mm … It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. ... Ragi or finger millet is one of the most nutritious and healthy cereals. Be sure to consult local information about impacts on cash crops. Normally each pod will have 10 to 14 seeds with a test weight of 24 g for 100 seeds. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is used in many parts of the world for its high-protein seeds, but also for its nutrient-rich edible leaves, forage, and soil enrichment.Cowpea is generally more heat-tolerant than common bean.

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