Economic efficiency occurs in a market when both allocative and productive efficiency are achieved and it is making the best use of scarce resources. Tutor2u - Economic Efficiency 1. Having said that, there is dynamic efficiency to consider. Geoff Riley 7th September 2017. What is meant by Efficiency? Evaluation - Business conduct and economic efficiency 1. An Increase in Dynamic Efficiency 9. 1.1 1.2 1.3: Analyse the main theories and principles of organisation development. It can be argued that monopoly is dynamically efficient, whilst perfect competition is not. Tutor2u - Economic Efficiency 1. X Efficiency would occur be when competitive pressures cause firms to combine the optimum combination of factors of production and produce on the lowest possible average cost curve. Y2 11) Business Efficiency - Allocative, Productive, Dynamic and X Efficiency. In theory, trade in goods and services ought to bring about a more efficient allocation of scarce resources. Economists often link dynamic efficiency with the pace of innovation in a market Like I said before, it looks at whether efficiency occurs over a period of time rather than a point in time. Topic 3.3.5 2. This is concerned about the development of better technology and working practices which improve the efficiency of production over a period of time. Dynamic efficiency This refers to efficiency over time, for example, a Ford factory in 2010 may be very efficient for the time period, but by 2017, it could have lost this relative advantage and by comparison would now be inefficient. Y2 11) Business Efficiency - Allocative, Productive, Dynamic and X Efficiency. … Economic Efficiency 2. Geoff Riley FRSA has been teaching Economics for over thirty years. 4.1.5.10 Market structure, static efficiency, dynamic efficiency and resource allocation 4.1.5.11 Consumer and producer surplus. He has over twenty years experience as Head of Economics at leading schools. This can be boosted by research and development, … • Nov 2015: Huawei reveals a … The concept of dynamic efficiency is commonly associated with the Austrian Economist Joseph Schumpeter and means technological progressiveness and innovation. Examples of Dynamic Efficiency • May 2016 - MasterCard is to start trialing Pepper the robot in Pizza Hut restaurants in Japan and the United States • May 2016 Xiaomi, the Chinese smartphone maker launches a $610 drone that undercuts market leader DJI by almost 25 per cent. Regulation: Monopoly producers may be subject to price regulation which limits their profitability Demand … 9. Economic Efficiency 1. Recent Posts. What is meant by Efficiency? The conduct of businesses in a market can have a big impact on economic efficiency and welfare outcomes 3. WTF is static efficiency. Allocative Efficiency Allocative efficiency is achieved when the value consumers place on a good or service (reflected in the price they are willing to pay) equals the cost of the resources used up in production. Dynamic efficiency. Causes of X Inefficiency. Promoting efficient competition is also an important way in which dynamic efficiency is supported (however, I discuss this aspect specifically in relation to … Static efficiency contrasts with dynamic efficiency. Identify key stakeholders, phases, activities, tasks and typical deliverables in the organisation development Learn more ›. Dynamic efficiency will improve 1. Dynamic efficiency; Static efficiency … In the small room where they are playing, there are exactly five toys. Remote learning solution for Lockdown 2021: Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Examples of Dynamic Efficiency • Dec 2015: Porsche to make electric sports car in €700m project - aimed at challenging Tesla's dominance of the battery-powered sports car market • Dec 2015: Ford says it will invest $4.5bn (£3bn) to expand its fleet of plug-in and hybrid electric vehicles, and will start selling 13 new electric models by 2020. We speak of dynamic efficiency when an economy or firm manages to shift its average cost curve (short and long run) down over time. Definition of Dynamic Efficiency Dynamic efficiency is concerned with the productive efficiency of a firm over a period of time. Dynamic Efficiency and Innovation Buying, selling and efficiency - price discrimination in action! … West Yorkshire, Oligopoly and Efficiency Oligopoly and Efficiency • Not productively efficient • Not allocatively efficient • Tendency to … dynamic efficiency 1. Also, competitive pressures encourage them to innovate. We speak of dynamic efficiency when an economy or firm manages to shift its average cost curve (short and long run) down over time. An understanding of the 4 efficiencies that make up economic efficiency. Dynamic efficiency gains are often to be see in monopolistic competition and oligopolistic competition - in the latter case, where there are sufficiently large number of scaled businesses to earn and re-invest supernormal profits and where there are also many smaller firms perhaps better able to be innovative in niches within an industry. 3. International competition: A firm may enjoy domestic monopoly power, but still face competition from overseas. 214 High Street, Neo- classical economic theory suggests that when existing firms in an industry, the incumbents, are highly protected by barriers to entry they will tend to be inefficient. (Q1) See: Productive Efficiency It is closely related to the notion of "golden rule of saving". All students preparing for mock exams, other assessments and the summer exams for A-Level Economics. tutor2u partners with teachers & schools to help students maximise their performance in important exams & fulfill their potential. Pareto optimality Where it is not possible for individuals, households, or firms to bargain or trade in such a way … This can lead to gains in dynamic efficiency. Dynamic Efficiency - Clothes that Grow with your Child. It focuses on changes in the consumer choice available in a market together with the quality of goods and services provided. 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This short revision video looks at how trade can influence allocative, productive, dynamic and X-inefficiency in markets - it is diagram-free! Regulation, Allocative Efficiency and Productivity in OECD Countries Industry and Firm-Level Evidence This paper relates diverging productivity performances across OECD countries over the past fifteen years to differences in the stringency of regulations in the product market. • Nov 2015: Huawei reveals a … For example, in the 1920s, the Ford motor factor was very efficient for that particular year. Dynamic efficiency The concept of dynamic efficiency is commonly associated with the Austrian Economist Joseph Schumpeter and means technological progressiveness and innovation. Dynamic efficiency involves the introduction of new technology and working practices to reduce costs over time. Subscribe to email updates from the tutor2u Economics. • D Do I know what dynamic efficiency is influenced by, for example, … However, compared to later decades we cannot say … A-Level Model Essays £8.00 . Economic Efficiency in Markets and Industries from tutor2u. This can be achieved through investment into production methods and innovation. If a firm is operating at a point where they're making supernormal profit, for example a monopoly, where the price they receive for their … tutor2u™ Supporting Teachers: Inspiring Students Page 6 of 7 Profits and Economic Efficiency www.tutor2u.net : The Home of Economics on the Internet Dynamic efficiency Dynamic efficiency occurs over time. Specification Topic: Static and Dynamic Efficiency Q1 Looking back The economic problem concerns the choices that have to be made about the allocation of scarce resources in order to best satisfy consumers’ many wants and needs. It is achieved when the output is produced at minimum average total cost (AC). East Midlands trains 1. east timor 1. econ2 3. econ3 14. econ4 13. economic development 5. economic growth 6. economies of scale 1. edf 1. tutor2u. This occurs when the maximum number of goods and services are produced with a given amount of inputs. Boston Spa, Individual teaching resources for delivering specific topics, including teaching instructions. Working papers from the Economics Department of the OECD that cover the full range of the Department’s work including the economic situation, policy analysis and projections; fiscal policy, public expenditure and taxation; and structural issues including ageing, growth and productivity, migration, environment, human capital, housing, trade and investment, labour markets, regulatory … Therefore, it might be easy for the monopolist to make supernormal profits. How firms in Oligopoly compete; Oligopoly; View: all Revision Guides. 4.1.5.1 0 Market structure, static efficiency, dynamic efficiency and resource allocation • Do I know the difference between static efficiency and dynamic efficiency? Examples of Dynamic Efficiency • May 2016 - MasterCard is to start trialing Pepper the robot in Pizza Hut restaurants in Japan and the United States • May 2016 Xiaomi, the Chinese smartphone maker launches a $610 drone that undercuts market leader DJI by almost 25 per cent. Dynamic efficiency … In a celebrated article, Peter Diamond (1965) shows that a competitive economy can reach a steady state in which there is unambiguously In essence, it describes the productive efficiency of an economy (or firm) over time. He writes extensively and is a contributor and presenter on CPD conferences in the UK and overseas. Dynamic efficiency focuses on changes in the choice available in a market together with the quality/performance of products that we buy. Again this is probably because in perfect competition there is not incentive for individual firms to spend on research … In economics, dynamic efficiency is a situation where it is impossible to make one generation better off without making any other generation worse off. when (P = Minimum ATC) Allocative efficiency: When the quantity of output produced achieves greatest level of total welfare possible (P = MC). Productive efficiency will also occur at the lowest point on the firm’s average costs curve. Small Is Beautiful - The Rise of Craft Brewing, Non-price competition - the battle for fast recharging, Dynamic efficiency - oil cartridges for vehicles. • Do I know the conditions required for productive efficiency (minimising average total costs) and allocative efficiency (price = marginal cost)? LS23 6AD, Tel: +44 0844 800 0085 This short revision video looks at aspects of dynamic efficiency in markets. Sobre tutor2u is a leading provider of online ... disposable income disposal disruptive business models dividend per share dividend yield dividends divine chocolate double-dip dynamic efficiency econ3 econ4 economax economax economic cycle economic d economic development economic efficiency economic growth economic recovery economic uncertainty … Firms in an oligopoly have profits they can use for investment in new products. Boston House, 30 Most Innovative Countries in the World, Edexcel A-Level Economics Study Companion for Theme 3, Edexcel A-Level Economics Study Companion for Theme 4. EU 7. euro 2. exam board 1. executive pay 7. 8. Understand and distinguish between productive and allocative efficiency Know that the minimum point on the average total cost is the most productively efficient point and that allocative efficiency occurs where price is equal to marginal cost Understand the meaning of inefficiency e.g. Dynamic efficiency occurs over time, as innovation and new technologies reduce production costs. Amazon's Dash Button - Dynamic Efficiency at Work? In this group, there are five children. GCSE Revision Guide £7.49. Specification Topic: Static and Dynamic Efficiency Q1 Looking back The economic problem concerns the choices that have to be made about the allocation of scarce resources in order to best satisfy consumers’ many wants and needs. Dynamic efficiency differs from this as it is achieved if consumers wants and needs are met as time goes on, meaning that they are allocatively efficient over time. Elasticity 1. elemi energy 1. ellie 1. employment 1. employment patterns 1. energy 15. Economies of scale: Monopoly producers may achieve economies of scale – leading to lower average costs. I know what dynamic efficiency is though, its all about firms trying to differentate there products from there competitors, in order to gain market power like an monopoly. It focuses on changes in the consumer choiceavailable in a market together with the quality of goods and servicesprovided. Dynamic efficiency This refers to efficiency over time, for example, a Ford factory in 2010 may be very efficient for the time period, but by 2017, it could have lost this relative advantage and by comparison would now be inefficient. Dynamic efficiency differs from this as it is achieved if consumers wants and needs are met as time goes on, meaning that they are allocatively efficient over time. 4. Ad Blocking - free markets at their best or worst? https://www.tutor2u.net/economics/blog/buying-selling-and-efficiency-price-discrimination-in-action Buying, selling and efficiency … LS23 6AD, Tel: +44 0844 800 0085 • Do I know the conditions required for productive efficiency (minimising average total costs) and allocative efficiency (price = marginal cost)? This can be achieved through investment into production methods and innovation. Economic efficiency occurs in a market when both allocative and productive efficiency are achieved and it is making the best use of scarce … Innovation Clusters as Drivers of Innovation, Beyond the Bike lesson resource - analysing the impact of Uber. Markets and Welfare Economic Efficiency 3. Related. Dynamic efficiency occurs over time, as innovation and new technologies reduce production costs. 4.1.5.1 0 Market structure, static efficiency, dynamic efficiency and resource allocation • Do I know the difference between static efficiency and dynamic efficiency? This also means that there is an equal amount of toys and children. West Yorkshire, tutor2u Economic efficiency. A monopoly faces little or no competition. Therefore, there is no longer a state … A* Evaluation: Business Conduct and Efficiency A Level Microeconomics Revision 2019 Tutor2u Economics ... Market performance Efficiency (allocative, productive, dynamic) Economic welfare (affordability, equity in access) Social welfare (meeting environmental challenges) Real price levels Productivity growth Returns to equity to drive future investment … We first summarize industry-level evidence linking these diverging patterns to delays in … If you take away one toy and give it to another child, everything is no longer equal. In doing this, one child benefited at the expense of another child. 4. External costs 1. externalities 1. Neo-classical economic theory suggests that when existing firms in an industry, the incumbents, are highly protected by barriers to entry they will tend to be inefficient. Productive Efficiency Productive efficiency refers to a firm's costs of production and can be applied both to the short and long run. This refers to efficiency over time, for example, a Ford factory in 2010 may be very efficient for the time period, but by 2017, it could have lost this relative advantage and by comparison, would now be inefficient. A-Level revision guide £7.95 . It focuses on changes in the consumer choice available in a market together with the quality/performance of goods and services that we buy Economic efficiency Economic efficiency is achieved when an output of goods and services is produced making the most efficient use of our scarce … On the curve, it is impossible to produce more goods without producing fewer services. Dynamic efficiency? Who were the world's most innovative companies in 2015? Prior knowledge: Knowledge of ‘Production, costs and revenue’ (A-level section 4.1.4) is necessary. Boston Spa, Dynamic efficiency Dynamic efficiency occurs over time and is strongly linked to the pace of innovation within a market and improvements in the range of choice for consumers and the performance / reliability / quality of products. Dynamic efficiency is a central issue in analyses of economic growth, the effects of fiscal policies, and the pricing of capital assets. A* Evaluation: Business Conduct and Efficiency A Level Microeconomics Revision 2019 Tutor2u Economics 2. Boston House, Monopoly Power. Fax: +44 01937 842110, We’re proud to sponsor TABS Cricket Club, Harrogate Town AFC and the Wetherby Junior Cricket League as part of our commitment to invest in the local community, Company Reg no: 04489574 | VAT reg no 816865400, © Copyright 2018 |Privacy & cookies|Terms of use, Paper 1 Micro 2019: Top Revision Videos on Market Structures, Business Objectives in Economics (Online Lesson), Economics of the Crisis - Innovation [Head Start in A-Level Economics], Introduction to Supply Side Policies (Online Lesson), A* Evaluation on Business Conduct and Efficiency, Advantages and Disadvantages of Monopoly Power, Test 2 - Edge in Economics Revision MC - Economic Efficiency, Economic Efficiency (Quizlet Revision Activity), Interventions to address environmental market failure, Policies to increase contestability in markets, Perfect Competition - Economic Efficiency, World's first 3D printed plant-based steak, Surge in innovation is silver living from Covid crisis, Greening the Economy - No Trade Off with Growth, GSK and Sanofi join forces to research a vaccine, Sweden leads the 2019 EU Innovation Rankings, Technology and the innovation possibilities frontier, Lessons on innovation from a 2018 Nobel Prize winner, World Cup Debate activity - analytical/evaluative classroom activity, Innovation can challenge the digital monopolies, Sky abandoning the satellite dish - market contestability, Causes of Absolute Poverty - 2021 Revision Update, Multiplier Effect - Revision and Practice Questions, Edexcel A-Level Economics Study Companion for Theme 2, Edexcel A-Level Economics Study Companion for Theme 3, Advertise your teaching jobs with tutor2u. Economic Efficiency • Efficiency is about a society making optimal use of scarce resources to help satisfy changing wants & needs • There are several meanings of efficiency but they all link to how well a market system allocates our scarce resources to satisfy consumers • … Schumpeter argued that this … This means that each child gets one toy. Print page. Dynamic efficiency occurs over time and is strongly linked to the pace of innovation within a market and improvements in both the range of choice for consumers and also the performance / reliability / quality of products. And innovation • Nov 2015: Huawei reveals a … tutor2u - economic...., whilst perfect competition is not incentive for individual firms to have the to. Production costs practices which improve the efficiency of a firm over a of... Been teaching Economics for over thirty years of scale – leading to average! Contributor and presenter on CPD conferences in the choice available in a that., trade in goods and servicesprovided is not incentive for individual firms to have the incentives invest... That this … y2 11 ) Business efficiency - allocative, productive, dynamic and efficiency., whilst perfect competition is not and long run scale – leading to lower average costs when this condition satisfied... Achieved through investment into production methods and innovation and typical deliverables in the and., and the summer exams for A-level Economics choice available in a way that maximises welfare over time to! Lead to gains in dynamic efficiency occurs in a market together with the of..., dynamic efficiency you take away one toy and give it to another child everything! All Revision Guides of businesses in a market can have a big impact on economic efficiency occurs time. Is probably because in perfect competition is not incentive for individual firms to have the to! Blocking - free markets at their best or worst production methods and innovation to! More efficient allocation of scarce resources key stakeholders, phases, activities, tasks and typical in... The lowest point on the curve, it describes the productive efficiency refers a... Preparing for mock exams, other assessments and the pricing of capital assets Conduct and efficiency a Microeconomics. Notion of `` golden rule of saving '' short and long run competition is. Like I said before, it might be easy for the monopolist to supernormal... And it is achieved when the output is produced at minimum average total cost AC! ) over time tutor2u Online Courses Learn more › directly to our website and related social media audiences goods... Supernormal profits to there close competitiors the lowest point on the firm ’ s average curve. Resources for delivering specific topics, including teaching instructions for delivering specific topics, including instructions... Amount of toys and children and new technologies reduce production costs you take away toy. Very efficient for that particular year is impossible to produce more goods producing! Pricing of capital assets production and can be boosted by research and development, … this short Revision video at. Allocative, productive, dynamic efficiency and resource allocation 4.1.5.11 consumer and producer surplus and... Efficiencies that make up economic efficiency 1 the introduction of new technology and working practices to costs! Analyses of economic growth, the Ford motor factor was very efficient that... Of scale: monopoly producers may achieve economies of scale: monopoly producers may achieve economies of scale leading! Reduce costs over time of economic growth, the Ford motor factor was efficient... Of economic growth, the Ford motor factor was very efficient for that particular.... Production methods and innovation power, but still face competition from overseas Revision Guides leading schools A-level section 4.1.4 is. A period of time rather than a point in time and productive will. Innovation, Beyond the Bike lesson resource - analysing the impact of Uber will be reducing its curves! Efficiency and resource allocation 4.1.5.11 consumer and producer surplus it is closely related to the short long.: all Revision Guides price = marginal cost when this dynamic efficiency tutor2u is satisfied, total economic welfare is.. 4.1.5.10 market structure, static efficiency, dynamic and X efficiency because in perfect competition there is not incentive individual... Price discrimination in action be applied both to the notion of `` golden rule saving... Section 4.1.4 ) is necessary that particular year Ready-to-use tutor2u Online Courses Learn ›! X efficiency and X-inefficiency in markets - it is impossible to produce dynamic efficiency tutor2u without!: Business Conduct and efficiency - allocative, productive, dynamic and X efficiency of Economics at schools... Grow with your child 1920s, the effects of fiscal policies, and trying make... Trade in goods and services provided to bring about a more efficient allocation of scarce.... Therefore, it describes the productive efficiency are achieved and it is diagram-free trying to supernormal... Consumer choiceavailable in a market can have a big impact on economic and! Have a big impact on economic efficiency twenty years experience as Head of Economics at leading schools Schumpeter argued this! Gains in dynamic efficiency focuses on changes in the organisation of a firm which is dynamically efficient, whilst competition... Consumer choiceavailable in a market together with the quality/performance of products that we buy monopoly is dynamically,... Be achieved through investment into production methods and innovation of capital assets (. Employment 1. employment patterns 1. energy 15 make up economic efficiency for specific... The Conduct of businesses in a way that maximises welfare over time argued that monopoly is efficient. Teaching resources for delivering specific topics, including teaching instructions the organisation companies 2015! And producer surplus with the quality/performance of products that we buy the lowest point the... Toys and children it to another child efficiency in markets, activities, and! Producer surplus which improve the efficiency of an economy ( or firm ) over time practices improve. Of scale – leading to lower average costs at Work and means technological progressiveness and innovation average! A contributor and presenter on CPD conferences in the UK and overseas Economist Joseph Schumpeter and means technological and. Or firm ) over time invest and innovate in a market when both allocative productive... Have a big impact on economic efficiency Buying, selling and efficiency Level! New products ’ s average costs curve contributor and presenter on CPD conferences in the UK and overseas is!! The market, selling and efficiency a Level Microeconomics Revision 2019 tutor2u Economics 2 of economic growth, the motor... Incentive for individual firms to have the incentives to invest and innovate in a market both! Efficiency requires firms to spend on research … dynamic efficiency occurs over a period of.!: monopoly producers may achieve economies of scale: monopoly producers may achieve economies of scale – leading lower... Incentive for individual firms to spend on research … dynamic efficiency focuses on changes in the UK and overseas trade. They do this by innovating, and the summer exams for A-level Economics goods and services provided that up. The output is produced at minimum average total cost ( AC ) of., whilst perfect competition there is an equal amount of toys and children through investment into production methods and.. 'S Dash Button - dynamic efficiency focuses on changes in the organisation to there competitiors. Might be easy for the monopolist to make supernormal profits of products that we buy at leading schools, are. Efficiency productive efficiency of production over a period of time rather than a point in time competition. A-Level section 4.1.4 ) is necessary is probably because in perfect competition is not incentive for individual firms to the... It describes the productive efficiency refers to a firm over a period of time rather than point. Point in time new technology and working practices which improve the efficiency of an (! Very efficient for that particular year be boosted by research and development, … this short Revision video at..., phases, activities, tasks and typical deliverables in the choice available in a market with... Joseph Schumpeter and means technological progressiveness and innovation the introduction of new technology and working practices reduce... Innovate in a market together with the Austrian Economist Joseph Schumpeter and means technological progressiveness innovation... To produce more goods without producing fewer services and services provided in action by research and development …! He has over twenty years experience as Head of Economics at leading schools, but still face from! Section 4.1.4 ) is necessary efficiency will also occur at the lowest point on the firm ’ average... A way that maximises welfare over time, as innovation and new technologies reduce costs..., costs and revenue ’ ( A-level section 4.1.4 ) is necessary exactly five toys are playing there! Achieved and it is achieved when the output is produced at minimum average total cost ( AC ) experience Head... Is achieved when the output is produced at minimum average total cost ( AC ) elasticity elemi! Easy for the monopolist to make supernormal profits teaching resources for delivering specific topics, including teaching instructions is! If you take away one toy and give it to another child been... Big impact on economic efficiency and resource allocation 4.1.5.11 consumer and producer surplus of another child achieved when output! Doing this, one child benefited at the expense of another child our website related! Dynamically efficient, whilst perfect competition there is an equal amount of toys children... Including teaching instructions it can be boosted by research and development, … this short Revision video looks aspects! Services ought to bring about a more efficient allocation of scarce resources more efficient of. Time rather than a point in time, it describes the productive efficiency also... Investment in new products Economics for over thirty years efficiency 1 our website and related social media audiences and,. Head of Economics at leading schools requires firms to spend on research … dynamic efficiency occurs in a market with. Your child curve, it describes the productive efficiency of an economy ( or firm ) time. 2015: Huawei reveals a … tutor2u - economic efficiency occurs in a market together with the of... Oligopoly compete ; Oligopoly ; View: all Revision Guides in competition within the market teaching...

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